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First Canadian guideline on perioperative cardiac risk assessment and management for patients undergoing non-cardiac surgery
By Drs. Terence Yung and Erin Morley on March 22, 2017
Physicians who see patients for preoperative assessment often face the dilemma of accurately determining a patients’ cardiac risk. Patients may have limited mobility and thus do not necessarily elicit cardiac symptoms even if there is significant flow-limiting coronary artery disease.
By Drs. Christopher Cheung and Kenneth Gin on June 22, 2016
Hypertension affects over 1 in 5 Canadians and is one of the leading causes of cardiovascular disease, including coronary artery disease and heart failure. Uncontrolled hypertension is a risk factor for stroke (both ischemic and hemorrhagic), retinopathy, chronic kidney disease (CKD), and peripheral vascular disease. Epidemiologic studies show that the risk of cardiovascular disease increases above a blood pressure of 115/75 mmHg.
By James McCormack on September 16, 2015
Numerous observational studies have consistently shown in many (but not all) patient populations a correlation between people with higher blood pressure, glucose, and cholesterol numbers, and a greater risk of cardiovascular events such as heart attacks, strokes, and other unwanted outcomes.
By Dr. Nadia Zalunardo on September 15, 2014
The most common cause of death among individuals with chronic kidney disease is cardiovascular disease. For most people with CKD, the risk of cardiovascular death exceeds the risk of developing end stage kidney disease.
By Dr. Natasha Press on March 5, 2014
The most recent AHA guidelines (2007) have limited antibiotic prophylaxis to those patients at highest-risk for developing endocarditis and who are undergoing high-risk invasive procedures.
By Drs. Kam Shojania and Neda Amiri on September 23, 2013
Rheumatoid arthritis has been described to be associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular disease. This risk appears to be multifactorial in nature. However, there is emerging evidence that glucocorticoids play a role.
By Dr. Jiri Frohlich on August 20, 2012
Several studies established that apo B is a better predictor of risk both at baseline and on treatment than LDL-C due to the fact that small dense LDL particles are much more atherogenic as they easily penetrate the endothelial space.