Contributed works by Dr. Colleen Dy

Biography and disclosures

Genitourinary syndrome of menopause (GSM) — a refresher

By Drs. Kerstin Gustafson and Colleen Dy on May 2, 2023

Women should be proactively educated on the changes in the genital tract after menopause at routine visits. All women with vulvar and vaginal complaints in menopause should be offered a clinical exam to rule out secondary causes. GSM often continues to worsen with time if untreated. Daily use of a vulvar moisturizer and barrier creams to protect the vulvar skin from irritants may be helpful, as are vaginal moisturizers. Use of lubricants for intercourse should be recommended routinely. Many women will require pharmacotherapy in addition to nonhormonal treatments.

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A Refresher in Pelvic Pain

By Dr. Colleen Dy, Zerlyn Lee, and Adrienne Sim on April 7, 2021

Individuals with Chronic Pelvic Pain (CPP) often experience disruptions in multiple aspects of their reproductive health care. Routine pelvic examinations often become extremely challenging due to pain.

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